Upper GI Endoscopy

Upper GI Endoscopy

Upper endoscopy, also known as EGD, is a procedure in which a thin scope with a light and camera at its tip is used to look inside the upper digestive tract — the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.Usually performed as an outpatient procedure, upper endoscopy sometimes must be performed in the hospital or emergency room to both identify and treat conditions such as upper digestive system bleeding.


The procedure is commonly used to help identify the causes of:

  • Abdominal or chest pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Bleeding
  • Swallowing problems

Endoscopy can also help identify inflammation, ulcers, and tumors.Upper endoscopy is more accurate than X-rays for detecting abnormal growths such as cancer and for examining the inside of the upper digestive system.

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Upper GI Endoscopy is probably the most commonly performed endoscopic procedure worldwide. It is the first to be taught to trainees. In this eLearning module we aim to describe the most basic steps in upper GI endoscopy focusing on the mandatory positions to be observed according to ESGE and how to completely assess the upper GI tract. Other videos in this series will deal with the technical details of currently used endoscopes, and with the specific endoscopic features of diseases affecting the upper GI tract and their management

Endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person’s digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV monitor.During an upper endoscopy, an endoscope is easily passed through the mouth and throat and into the esophagus, allowing the doctor to view the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine.Similarly, endoscopes can be passed into the large intestine (colon) through the rectum to examine this area of the intestine. This procedure is called sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy depending on how far up the colon is examined.


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